Vestibular migraines can last from 5 minutes to 72 hours, causing repetitive dizziness, loss of balance, and irritability.
Dr. Loretta Mueller (Cooper University Hospital, USA) shared on Everyday Health, people with vestibular migraines feel like they are walking on air, dizzy, spinning or feeling off balance. For some people, episodes of dizziness or lightheadedness that accompany a migraine can last for a few seconds but sometimes continue throughout the day.
Researchers suggest that vestibular migraines affect about 1% of the population. But the actual number may be higher. Vestibular migraines are more common in women than men. The symptoms of vertigo tend to appear around the age of 40. This condition not only affects adults, in some cases it can also appear in children.
People with vestibular migraines often have signs such as increased sensitivity to sensations, headaches, or dizziness that can be triggered by visual stimuli such as the movement of objects. According to Mueller, when you’re driving at sunset, the sun shining through the trees can also cause headaches or vestibular symptoms. A movie with 3D graphics can also cause headaches and discomfort.
Some common symptoms of vestibular migraine include: sensitivity to light (photophobia), sensitivity to sound, and nausea. Unilateral, pulsating, moderate to severe headache that worsens with activity. Seeing shimmering or flashing lights in your vision.
Vestibular migraines do not always cause headaches. Less common symptoms include brain fog, fatigue, dry mouth, sweating, diarrhea, excessive yawning, tingling, scalp pain, and blurred vision.
Vestibular migraines can be easily confused with other medical conditions. Your doctor will order an MRI scan to examine your brain and a hearing test to make a proper diagnosis. Your doctor will try to rule out conditions that can cause confusion before diagnosing vestibular migraine, such as benign paroxysmal vertigo, Meniere’s disease, stroke, etc.
Benign paroxysmal vertigo: is a disorder of the vestibular system, you may feel lightheaded when you move or roll over in bed. The cause of dizziness is usually due to some problem in the ear.
Meniere’s disease: Before you get dizzy, usually one ear feels full or stuffy, painful. During the onset of the disease, one or both ears may become tinnitus and lead to hearing loss. This usually doesn’t happen with vestibular migraines.
Brain stem stroke: along with dizziness, you may also experience numbness, weakness, difficulty speaking, and other stroke symptoms. If you have any of these symptoms or if you have undiagnosed dizziness, see your doctor.
According to the American Headache Society, other therapies for vestibular migraine pain include vestibular inhibitors (medicines that reduce the intensity of dizziness and related symptoms) and antiemetics (drugs that suppress nausea). vomiting and vomiting).
In some cases, a triptan (a pain reliever) can be effective when used in combination with a vestibular inhibitor or an antiemetic if you have previously used a triptan. If the person experiences frequent vestibular migraine attacks, other headache-preventing medications may also reduce the amount or severity of the pain, Dr. Mueller adds.
Vestibular migraines can also be managed in a number of ways, such as eating, getting enough sleep, exercising, etc. Knowing your headache triggers can help you prevent pain-related dizziness. first half. Foods such as chocolate, cheese, alcohol, and foods with preservatives are the cause of vestibular migraines in many people. You should pause these foods to see if your symptoms improve.
You can reduce the number and intensity of vestibular migraine attacks by maintaining a regular bedtime routine, eating healthy, not skipping meals, limiting your exposure to stimulants, and managing stress. and exercise regularly.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can help people learn to manage stress and live with migraines and vertigo, says Mueller. Some people can also recover vestibular function with physical therapy.